You are on page 1of 10

avmupnf;pdrf

19ESpf t&G,frSm umrpnf;pdrfudk yxrqHk; cHpm;&w,f? orD;wdk. tdrfrSm


aq;okwfzdk. vmwJY ukvm;MuD;[m orD;udk avmu&J.t&omawGudk ay;
pGrf;wJY olygyJ? wjcm;vlawGtwGuf ol[m touf 50 ausmf tom;
rJnpfaewJY rkwfqdwfarG;Avjypf? npfywfwJY atmufwef;pm; ukvm;MuD;jzpfayrJY orD;
twGufuawmY bmt&omeJUrS r,SOfedkifwJY umrpnf;pdrfudk ay;pGrf;edkifwJY ewfom;MuD; wpfyg;
ygbJ?
tm;vHk;u bmjzpfvdkUrsm; orD;vdk rdbawGu ]]aTay: jr}} wifxm;wJh aumvdyfausmif;ol
wpfa,mufu ukvm; pkwfpkwfjywfjywfudk pGJvef;oGm;&w,fqdkwm odcsifMurSmbJ? tjzpfu
wpfaeUrSm q,fausmfoufrdef;cav;awG xHk;pHtwdkif; tcef;xJrSm wpfa,mufxJ&Sdwkef; ausmif;u PSmbl;r ]yef;} qDu iSg;vmwJh PSmpmtkyfudk zwf&if;? pdwfxJrSm wrsdK;MuD;
jzpfvmwmeJU ukwifay:rSm yufvuf tdyf&if; xrdefay:u apmufywfudk yGwfjyD; MuD;rm;
wif;&if;wJY edkMuD;udknSpf&if; vl;vdrfYaerdw,f? &kwfw&uf toHMum;vdkU rsufvHk;zGifh Munfhvdkuf
awmh aq;okwfwJhukvm; tbdk;MuD;[m jywif;aygufuaeausmfjyD; orD;tcef;xJudk vSrf;0if
vmw,f? orD;vJ aMumifMunfhaewHk; ukvm;MuD;[m orD;em;a&mufvmjyD; olUvHkcsnfudk
cGswfcsvdkufw,f? tay:tus rygwJY ukvm;MuD;[m udk,fwHk;vHk;BuD;eJJYqdkawmh 0wfvpfpvpf
MuD; jzpfoGm;w,f? olUaygif&if;rSmawmh MuD;rm;xGm;MudKif;vSwJh twefrJrJMuD;[m ta&SUudk
tvHwdkifMuD;vdk xGufaew,f? orD;vJ atmfr,fvdk.yg;pyfvJ[vdkufa&m - ukvm;MuD;[m
orD;em;udka&mufvmjyD;? orD;yg;pyfudk olUvufMuD;eJUydwfvdkufjyD;? ]aumifrav;? ratmfeJ.?
wcgxJ vnfyif;nSpfowfvdkufr,f} ?
orD;vJ aMumufwmeJ.jidrfaevdkufw,f? ]bmvkyfrvdkUvJ OD;av;MuD;&,f}? usrvJaMumufwmeJU
avajyxdk;vdkufygw,f? ]eifhudk vdk;rvdk.}? ]bmukvm;u vlyg;0vdkU? &m&mpp}? orD;u
ajymaeayrJh oluawmh orD;aygifudkNzJNyD; apmufywfw0dkufudk &ufaeygjyD?
]r,kwfrmeJYaemf ukvm;MuD;}? orD;&J.apmufywfudkjzJjyD; apmufpdudk&ufay;vdkufwJhtcgrSmawmh
raz:jyedkifatmifaumif;wJh t&om[m wudk,fvHk; vGrf;rdk;vdk.oGm;awmhw,f? ]acG;
vl,kwfrm MuD;?} ][ifh[ifh. . . .bmawGvkyfaewmvJ? tdk -- tdk ,kwfrmvdkufwm? ,kwfrm
vdkufwm} ukvm;MuD;[m olU vQmt&SnfMuD;eJU orD;&JU apmufacgif;xJudk xdk;xJUjyD; eH&HawG
udk&ufaew,f? ukvm;MuD;udk rowDvdkU &GHvSaomf
vnf; olUvQmtpGrf;u orD;udk umrrD;awG awmuf
avmifapawmhw,f? b,fvdkbJ atmifhxm; wif;
xm;ayrJh apmuf&nfawG[m wpdrfhpdrfheJU pD;usaeygjyD?
aygifudk rodrom jzJay;vdkufjyD; ol&JU awmifrwf
aewJh vD;MuD;udk vSrf;Munfhvdkufrdw,f? wif;rmjyD;
xGm;MudKif;vSwJh vD;MuD;udk jrifvdkuf&awmY umr
pdwfawG[m rD;vdk [Hk;ueJawmuf avmifawmhw,f ?
][ihf. . . [ihf. . . . } vdkU jiD;xGm;&if; zifudk
aumh aumhay;vdkufrdw,f? ukvm;MuD;uawmh r&GH
r&Sm apmuf&nfawGudk yvyfyvyfeJU &ufaeygw,f?
apmufacgif;wif rubl;? olUvQmMuD;u orD;&JU zifptdkudkyg &ufay;vdkufwJhtcgrSmawmh?
]trav; aumif;vdkufwm. . .aumif;vdkufwm &uf &uf..} vdkU
r&SufaMumuf ajym&wJhtxd jzpfvm&awmhw,f/

orD;

ukvm;MuD;uawmh orD;olUvufckwfxJu a&jzpfjyDqdkwm &dyfrdoGm;wmaygh?


]bm aumif;wmvJ aumifrav;..} oluar;ayrJh orD;urajzygbl;? ukvm;MuD;vJ xyf
rar;awmhbJ? orD;aygifMum;xJ0ifjyD; rmawmifvSwJh olUvD;MuD;eJU orD;&JUt&nfawG&GJaewJh
apmufywfudk uGrf;oD;acgif;jrKwf&HkoGif;jyD; tay:atmufwavSsmuf t&if;u udkifjyD; yGwf
vdkufawmh - ajymrjywwfatmif t&omawG&Sjd yD; wpfudk,fvHk; umrqdyfawG wufjyD;
][ifU.. [ifU. trav; b,fvdkvkyfaewmvJ t&mMuD;&,f?}
]bmvkyf&rSmvJ ighvD;MuD;eJU eifUapmufywfudkqGaewmaygh? Munfh iHkUMunfhprf;? eiffhapmufywf
xJudk ighvD;acgif;MuD; 0ifaewm?}
ukvm;MuD;[m orD;&JhqHyifawGudk Murf;Murf;wrf;qGJjyD; iHkUMunfhcdkif;ygw,f?
ukvm;MuD;&JU ,kwf,kwfrmrmeJU yufyufpufnpfnpfywfywf ajymwmawGMum;&jyD; orD;&JU
apmufywf[m apmuf&nfawGpdk&GJaejyD; ajymifvufaewJU {&mrvD;MuD;[m apmufarG;rJrJawG
Mum;u apmufywfEIwcf rf;awGudk jzJjyD; 0ifaewmawGjrif&awmU orD;&JU PSmpdwfawGudk
rD;[kef;[kef;awmufapawmUw,f?
]aumif;vm; aumifrav;.. ajymav? rajym&if vD;eJUxdk;aewm &yfvdkufr,f}
][ihf..[ifh.. r&yfeJU.. r&yfeJU ..} orD;vJ vTwfueJxGufoGm;w,f?
]r&yfapcsif&if ajymav? aumif;vm;..}
aumif;vdkUjidrfcHaewmaygU.. vkyfyg.. yGwfyg.. [ifh..[ifh..}
ukvm;MuD;vJ olUvD;MuD;udkapmufapheJUyGwfqGJjyD; ynmjyygawmUw,f?
]trav;.. aumif;vdkufwm.. aumif;vdkufwm b,fvdkvkyfaewmvJ t&mMuD;&,f
raeEdkifawmUbl;? raeEdkifawmUbl;? trav;.. rnSif;qJygeJUawmh? orD;udkoem;yg? vkyfyg..
vkyfyg} ]tckvJvkyfaewmbJ} ]r[kwfbl;? vdk;yg.. vdk;yg? vD;MuD;udk wpfacsmif;vHk; apmufywf
xJxJhjyD; vdk;ay;yg? trav;.. raeEdkif
awmUbl;? vdk;ay;yg? vdk;ay;yg?} t&l;r
wa,mufvdk orD;vJ r&SufraMumuf olU
vD;MuD;udk wef;w&wJhb0a&muf&awmUw,f?
ukvm;MuD;vnf; vD;MuD;udktm;&yg;& aqmifh
xJhvdkufw,f? ]trav;aoygjyD? trav;
emvdkufwm ... tara& apmuf&rf;bJ
vkyfwmbJ? } ]eifbJ vdk;qdk} ]ajz;ajz;vdk;aygh?
olUjrif;vD;MuD;eJU aqmifhoGif;awmhemwmaygh}
ukvm;MuD;vJ orD; rcHEdkifrSef;odawmh ajz;
ajz; acsmhvdk;ygawmhw,f? tcsuf 50 avmuf
toGif;txkwf vkyfay;vdkufawmh? orD;vJ
t&om awGawGUvmjyD;?
]trav; aumif;vdkufwm..aumif;vdkufwm..} ]aumifrav; rembl;vm;} ]rembl;
vkyfygvkyfyg}? ]eif tysdK r[kwfawmhbl;vm;? tysdKarS;vJr&Sdbl;?} ]usr&D;pm; usrudkvdk;bl;w,f}
}apmufywfxJudka&m vD;twkrxJhbl;bl;vm;} ]rxJhbl;ygbl;} ]eifvdrfajym&ifvD; qGJxkwfvdkuf
r,f} ]tdk wcgwavawmhvJ xJhbl;wmaygh} ]bm xJhbl;vJ} usru rajzawmh ukvm;MuD;u
olU&JU {&mrvD;MuD;eJU toGif;txkwfrSefrSefav; 15 cgavmufvdk;ay;vdkufw,f? t&om
&SdvGef;wJh vdk;csufawGaMumifh aumhaumhay;vdkuf&m ]ajymav? bmeJUudk,fhapmufywfudk udk,f
jyefvdk;wmvJ} ]c&rf;oD;eJU} ]bmjzpfvdkU udk,fhudkudkjyefvdk;&wmvJ? eifh&D;pm;u eifhudk rvdk;
ay;bl;vm;?} ]olUvD;u pHcsdefrrSDbl;? usrtm;&atmif rvdk;ay;Edkifbl;}/
ii

]t&mMuD;&,f? ar;csifwmawGaemufrSar;yg? tckusrudkaumif;aumif;vdk;ay;prf;yg?} ]eifh&D;pm;


vD;udkawmh tm;r&bJeJU bmjzpfvdkUighudk vdk;cdkif;&wmvJ?} ]trav; ar;aejyefjyD? &SifhvD;MuD;u
MuD;vdkU? awmifvdkU? rmvdkUaygh? aqmifhprf;ygt&mMuD;&,f &Sdcdk;yg&Jh? vdk;yg? [ifh vdk;ay;yg?
apmufywf,m;vGef;vdkUyg? raeEdkifawmhbl;? vD;MuD;u aumif;vdkufwm..tm;..tm;.[kwfjyD
[kwfjyD? vdk;.. vdk;.. tifh..tif..trav;aumif;vdkufwmaemf? t&om&Sdvdkufwm?
aus;Zl;wifvdkufwm t&mMuD;&,f? tom;ukefaqmifhyg? apmufywfuGJatmifvdk;yg?} usrvJ
PSmpdwfawGrGefxlaejyD; vlrSef;rodawmhatmif umrt&omudkt&Surf &SdcHpm;aejyD;? ukwif
ay:rSm vl;vdrfYaejyD; &Snfvsm; rsm;jym;xlxJvSwJh qHyifrsm; &SyfaxG;aeatmif qefUiif
qefUiifeJU ukwifay:rSm aygifum;jyD; rJwl;vSwJh ukvm;MuD;&JU udk,fMuD;udkzufjyD; aumhaumh
ay;&if; oHacsmif;vdkrmvSwJh vD;MuD;&JU t&omudkcHpm;aeygawmhw,f?
ukvm;MuD;uawmh orD;,m;rSef;odvdkU &uf&uf
pufpufeJU jyif;xefpGmvdk;ygawmhw,f?
yufvuf tm;& atmifvdk;jyD;awmh olUvD;MuD;udk
ZwfueJ qGJxkwfvdkufygw,f?
]tdk.. tdk.. bmjzpfvdkUxkwfvdkuf&wmvJ? jyefxJh
ay;yg? jyefxJhay;yg? cHvdkUaumif;aewHk;? rvkyfygeJh?
r&yfvdkufygeJU? tckae vD;r&&if &l;oGm;vdrfhr,f?
trav; apmufywf&GvGef;vdkUyg? jrefjrefjyefvdk;yg?
vdk;yg? &SdMuD;cdk;yg&JU? tvdk;cHyg&ap? oem;yg? usrudk
oem;yg} ]eiftvdk;cHcsif&if vD;pkwf} ]pkwfr,f?
pkwfr,f?} ukvm;MuD;u usr&JUapmuf&nfawG pdk&GJ
aewJh olUvD;MuD;udk usr&JU yg;pyfem; uyfay;vdkuf
ygw,f? usrvJ aMumufp&maumif;avmufatmif
taMumjydKif;jydKif;xaewJh vD;MuD;udk tirf;r& pkwf
vdkufygw,f? yg;pyfxJrSm rmawmifaewJhvD;MuD;udk
pkwf&wm apmufywfudk ydk&Gapygw,f? &Snfvsm;wJh
vD;MuD;udk tacsmif;vdkuf &ufay;vdkufwJhtcg
ukvm;MuD;rSm raeEdkifawmhbJ vSyaysmhajymif;wJh
eDndKa&mif usr&JU qHyif&SnfMuD;udk qkyfudkif&if;
]tm;.tm;aumif;w,f pkwf pkwf?} qdkcg rsufjzL
vefjyD; ZdrfawGUaeygw,f? 10rdepf avmuf tm;&yg;&pkwfay;vdkufwJhtcg?
]tm;..tm; igjyD;awmhr,f? jyD;awmhr,f?] ]rjyD;eJUtHk;? atmifhxm;? usrapmufywfxJusrSjyD;}
]zifukef;? jrefjref zifukef;} orD;vJ ukvm;
MuD;&JUa&SUrSm zifbl;awmif;axmifjyD; &uf&uf
a&ma&mukef;ay;vdkufygawmhw,f? ukvm;
MuD;vJ orD;&JU wHawG;awGeJU pdk&GJaewJh rm
ausmvSwJhvD;MuD;udk t&if;uudkifjyD; orD;&JU
apmuf&nfawG tdkifaewJh apmufywfudk awh
vdkufjyD; vdk;oGif;vdkufygawmhw,f?
]tm;..tm;..} ]aumifrav; emvm;]
]tembl; .. vdk;..vdk; .. aumif;w,f?
aqmifhyg aqmifhyg..tm; tm;}/
iii

orD;vJ t&om&SdvGef;vdkU atmfvdkufrdw,f? ukvm;MuD;vJ tm;wufjyD; orD;&JUqHyif&SnfawGudk


odrf;MuHK;qkyfudkifjyD; tom;ukef aqmifhvdk;ygawmhw,f? ]trav;aumif;vdkufwm? vD;MuD;u
aumif;vdkufwm .. tara& t&om &Sdvdkufwm? vdk;yg ..vdk;yg ..aqmifhyg vifMuD;&JU?
MudKufvdkufwm? vD;MuD;udkMudKufvdkufwm? tD; tD; jyD;awmhr,f? trav; aumif;vGef;vdkU
rxdef;Edkifawmhbl;? qufvdk; qufwdkufvdk; jref jref tm; jyD;awmhr,f? tm; xGufukefjyD? xGuf
ukefjyD? jyD;jyD? jyD;jyD?} orD;vJ rsufpdxJrSmrD;yGifhoGm;atmif jyif;xefpGm jyD;oGm;ygawmhw,f? ]igvJ
rxdef;Edkifawmhbl; jyD;awmhr,f? ighv&nfawGeifhapmufywfxJ yef;xJhvdkuf&rvm;} ]xJh xJh
vdkcsifw,f? v&nfvdkcsifw,f? } ]tm;.. tm;..} ukvm;MuD; qefUiif qefUiifeJU rsufjzL
vefjyD; v&nfawGudk orD;&JU apmufywfxJ yef;xJhjyD;jyD; oGm;ygawmhw,f? ylaEG;vSwJh v&nf
awGapmufywfxJ wjyHKMuD;0ifvmawmh xl;jcm;xSwJht&omaMumifh aemufwcsD orD; jyD;oGm;
jyefygw,f?
]trav; v&nfawGylaEG;aewmbJ? aumif;vdkufwm? tm; ..tm; bk&m; ..bk&m;
aumif;vScsnfvm;}
v&nfawGu rsm;vGef;vdkU orD;&JUapmuf&nfawGeJUa&mjyD; apmufywfxJuaepD;uswm aygifu
aewqifh ukwifay:rSm tdkifxGef;aeygawmhw,f? orD;vJaysmhacGoGm;jyD; arSmuf&ufom;
ukwifay:rSm rvIyfEdkifawmhbl;? ukvm;MuD;uawmh olUvD;MuD;wyf&ufeJUbJ b,fwHk;xJu
udkifcsifaeovJ rodygbl; orD;&JU EdkUtHkMuD;awGudk udkifvdkuf? orD;&JUqHyift&SnfMuD;udk
udkifupm;vdkuf erf;vdkufeJU vkyfjyD;rS vD;MuD;udkqGJxkxfvdkufawmh bGyf ueJtoHrnfjyD;
apmufywfxJu xGufvmygw,f? apmufywfxJuae v&nf
awGvJ xyfxGufvmygw,f? apmuf&nfawGeJU pdk&GJajymifvuf
aewJh vD;&SnfMuD;[m odyf rrmawmhayrJh wGJavmif;usaejyD;
apmufywf t&nfawGeJU ajymifvufaewJh tjyif v&nf
jypfjypfawG wcsdKU pD;xGufaewHk;rdkUvdkU cspfp&m aumif;vGef;
awmY orD;vJ raeEdkifawmhbJ yg;pyfxJxJhjyD; tompkwfay;
vdkufygw,f? vD;MuD; eJeJaysmhoGm;awmh yg;pyfxJu vD;MuD;udk
xkwfvdkufjyD; ukwifay:rSm aigifaigifMuD; xdkifaejyD;
ukvm;MuD;&JU yufyufpufpuf umrpyf,Sufwmudk t&Sufr&Sd
urf;ukefatmif ,kwfrmjyD; wPSm&JUaus;uRef jzpf&wJh
udk,fhtjzpfudk 0rf;eJvGef;vdkU w&SkHU&SkHUeJUidkaerdygw,f?
0wfvpfpvpfjzpfaewJhtay:rSm &Snfvsm;xlxJvSwJh qHyif
aysmhaysmhaysmif;aysmif;awGudk wudk,fvHk; vGrf;csHKjyD;idkaeawmh
ukvm;MuD;u orD;em;vmxdkifjyD; orD;&JUykcHk;av;udk zufjyD; acsmUrvdkU vkyfawmh?
]ruyfeJU? ighem;ruyfeJU oGm;? tckxGuf oGm;? rk'def;orm; vl,kwfrmMuD;?}
]at;oGm;r,f?aemufrSighudkvmjyD; rawmif;yefeJU}
]atmifr,f? ukvm;u vlyg;0vdkU? oGm; &GHw,f?} usrvJpdwfqdk;jyD;armif;xkwfvdkufygw,f?
aemufwpfygwfausmfausmfavmuf orD;apmufywfusdef;aejyD; vrf;avQmufwmawmif odyf
roGufbl;? ukvm;MuD;eJU jcHxJrSmawGUvJ bmrSrjzpfcJhovdkbJaew,f?
2 ygwfavmufMumawmh xHk;pHtwdkif;a&m*g jyefxvmw,f? zifcHcsifwJh a&m*gaygh?
rcHcsifbJaervm;? &D;pm;u tacsmufvdkvdk aysmhaysmhEGJUEGJUayrJh awGU&ifEdkUudkif? apmufywf
EIdufvkyfawmh e*dku PSmx wJhvlqdkawmh tvdk;cHcsifwmaygh? olUvD;uvJ oHk;r&bl;?
apmufywfxJ0ifum &Sdao;w,f wcsuf ESpfcsufaqmifhwmeJUjyD;oGm;w,f? orD;u apmufywf
,m;aewm rajyawmh vD; rmrmawmifawmifudk awmifhwrdw,f/
iv

rmwm qdkwmuvJ orD;udkyufyufpufpufvdk;oGm;wJh ukvm;MuD; &JUvD;udkbJ


jrifaerdw,f? nntdyfraysmfwJhtcg ukvm;MuD; orD;udk ,kwf,kwfrmrm pyf,Suf
cJhwmawGudkowd&jyD; vD;MuD;udk awmifhwrdw,f? b,fvdkbJ vludk&GHrkef;ayrJh
t&om&SdvSwJh olU&JU vD;MuD;udk pGJvef;aerdw,f/ olUudkjypfjypfcgcgajymxm;awmh olU&JU
tpGrf;xufvSwJh iyJMuD;udkbJ cHcsifaeayrJh xyftvdk;cH&atmif b,fvdkvkyf&rSef; rod
atmifjzpfaeygw,f? vlvpf&if olUvD;MuD;udk rSef;jyD; apmufywfudkyGwf&wmvJ nwdkif; vdkvdk
ygbJ? orD;olUudk cHcsifaerSef;odovm;awmhrodbl;? waeUrSm orD;0&Hwmay:uaetjyifudk
MunfUaewHk; ]&Gwf..&Gwf..} vdkU toHMum;vdkU MunfUvdkufawmhukvm;MuD;[m vHkcsnfvSefjyD;
olUvD;MuD;udkaumhjyaeygw,f? vD;MuD;[m MuD;rm; xGm;MudKif;vSjyD; tpGrf;ukef rmawmifae
ygw,f? qDokyfjyD; *Gif;wdkufJjyaeawmh uGrf;oD;acgif;MuD;[m wif;&if;ajymifvufaeygawmh
w,f? taMumMuD;awG[mvJ aMumufp&m aumif;avmufatmifzx
k pfaeygw,f? orD;MudwfjyD;
wef;wae&wJhvD;MuD;[m ajrGMuD;vdk &SnfjyD; oHacsmif; aMu;acsmif;vdk rmawmifajymifvuf
aewmjrif&awmh b,fvdkrSpdwfudk rxdef;EdkifawmhbJjzpfcsif&mjzpf? vD;udkawmh udkif&rSjzpfr,f
qdkjyD;tdrfay:uaeajy;jyD; qif;oGm;ygw,f? atmufa&mufawmh ukvm;MuD;udkrawGU&awmhbl;?
olUtcef;em;oGm;MunfUawmh vloHawGMum;wmeJU jywif;aygufuaeMunfUvdkufrdygw,f?
txJrSmjrifvdkuf&wmuawmh orD; rsufpdjymoGm;ygw,f? ukvm;MuD;u ukwifay:
rSm xdkifaejyD; rdef;cav;ESpfa,mufu ukvm;MuD;&JU ajc&if;rSm wzufwcsufpD aqmifhaqmifh
xkdifcg MuD;rm;xGm;MudKif;vSwJhvD;MuD;udk tvkt,uf udkifwG,faeMuygw,f? wa,mufuawmh
xrif;csufrdef;rMuD;&JU orD; q,fwef;ausmif;olav; rdat;jzpfjyD;? wa,mufuawmh tdrfrSm
awmufwdkr,f&cdkif;zdkUac:xm;wJh aEG; qdkwJhaumifrav; jzpfw,f? ESpfa,mufpvHk;[m
udk,fvHk;udk,fxnf awmifhwif;wJholrsm;jzpfjyD; rdat;u qHyifcg;vnfavmuf&SnfjyD; aEG;
uawmhwifyg;zHk;atmif&Snfygw,f? aumifrav;awG vD;udk tief;r&jzpfaewJhtcsdefrSm
ukvm;MuD;u uspfqHrD;yGyGuspfxm;wJh aEG; &JUqHyif&n
S fMuD;udk udkifwG,fupm;aeygw,f?
uspfqHrD;MuD;udk erf;vdkuf olUrsufESmeJUyGwfvdkufvkyfaeygw,f? aemufwajz;ajz; uspfqHrD;udk
ajzaeygw,f? ukvm;MuD;&JU vD;MuD;uawmh aumifrav; ESpfa,muf&JU vufxJrSm olwdkU
jyKorSscHae&ygw,f? rdat; eJU aEG; wdkU[mvD;MuD;udk ,k,k,, vkyfaejyD; tvGeftzdk;wefwJh
a&Gacsmif;MuD;yrm udk;uG,faeMujyD; twefMuD;udk w&HSkU&HSkU erf;vdkuf uGrf;oD;acgif;MuD;udk
pkwfvdkuf? tacsmif;vdkuf ,ufvdkufvkyfaeMuygw,f? aEG;&JU av;vHwJh qHyif&SnfMuD;udk
ajzjyD;wJhtcg zGvdkufjyD;w&SHkU&SHkUeJUqHyifrsm;udkerf;jyD; rdat;&JUacgif;udk vufwzufeJUyGwfaeyg
w,f? orD;vJ olwdkUvD;MuD;udk t&l;trl;jzpfaeMuwmMunfhjyD; aumifr 2 aumifudk t&rf;
remvdk jzpfrdw,f? olwdkUudkwGef;z,fvdkufjyD; vD;wefMuD;udk olwdkUvdkbJ pkwfcsifaew,f?
odkUaomfvnf; tdrfrSm cdkif;bdkUac:xm;wJhaumifrav;awGa&SUrSm orD;&JU umr &m*wPSmrD;
awmufavmifjyD; vD;MuD;udktief;r&jzpfaewmjyvdkUrjzpfbl;? trsm;xifaeMuovdk umr
taMumif;qdkbmrSrodwJh 'DoaX;orD; oefUoefUat;at;av;[m umrbDvl; ukvm;MuD;&JU
vD;eJU yufyufpufpuftvdk;cHcJh&jyD;? vD;t&omudkpGJvef;um wcsdefvHk; tvdk;cHcsifaerSef;
odoGm;vdkUrjzpfbl;? tcef;xJu tpGrf;ukefawmifaewJh vD;MuD;udkjrif&jyD; rudkif& rerf;&awmh
orD;&JUtjzpfu t&l;rwa,mufvdkjzpfaejyD; vHkcsnfudkvSefcg udk,fhapmufywfudk udk,fjyef
yGwfae&ygawmhw,f/ rsufpduvJ vD;MuD;qDu wcsufrSrcGmEdkifbJ? ]vD;MuD;&,f? vSvdkufwm?
awmifvdkufwm? tMuD;MuD;bJ? orD;udkvmvdk;yg? vmyg? apmufywf,m;vGef;vdkUyg? t&mMuD;
&,f? &Sdcdk;yg&JU? cHcsifvdkufwm? tvdk;cHcsifvdkufwm? trav; aoawmhr,f? aoawmhr,f?
u,fMuyg? u,fMuygtHk;?} Murf;jyifay:vl;vdefUaejyD; aygifESpfvHk;udk tpGrf;ukefjzJum
wa,mufxJ wdk;wdk;av;ajymum umr rD;avmifwmudk cHae&ygawmhw,f/

vD;

apmufacgif;u [maejyD; vD;udk awmifhwvGef;awmh raeEdkifrxdkifEdkifjzpfaejyD; wckck


apmufywfxJudk xJhqdkUxm;csifwJhpdwf[m wm;r&awmhbl;? tcef;xJvSrf;Munfhvdkufawmh
ukvm;MuD;[m aEG;udk zifukef;cdkif;jyD; acG;vdk;vdk; aeygjyD? orD;odyfMudKufwJhyHkpHaygh? aEG;
uawmh qHyif &SnfMuD;udka0SU,rf;jyD; yg;pyfav;
[cg ukvm;MuD;&JU jyif;xefvSwJh aqmifhcsuf
awGudk aqGrsdK;arhatmif cHaeygw,f? rdat;
uawmh ukvm;MuD;&JUaygifatmufrSm a&mufae
jyD; a0S;OMuD;udk &ufay;vdkuf vD;acsmif;MuD; aEG;
apmufywfxJuae w0ufjyefxGufvmwJhtcg
olUvufuav;eJU udkifMunfhvdkufeJU? oHk;a,muf
om; umrt&omcHpm;aeMuygw,f?
orD;vJ Mum&if pdwfudkrxdef;EdkifbJ tcef;xJ 0ifjyD; vD;MuD;udkvkrdrSmpdk;wmeJU tay:
xyfuudk,fhtcef;xJ tjref jyefajy;wufjyD; tcef;wHcg;udk *sufcsvdkufw,f? aemufjyD;
xrdefudk *Gif;vdkuf cRwfcsvdkufjyD; qGJtHxJrSmxm;wJh c&rf;oD; udk,ljyD;
ukwifay: uref;uwef;wufjyD; aygifum;vdkufcg apmuf&nfawG
pdk&TJaewJh apmufywfxJudk xdk;xJhvdkufygw,f/
]aumif;vdkufwm &Sif? vD;eJU tvdk; cH&ovdkygbJ? &Gpd&GpdjzpfaewJh
apmufywfvJ vD;twkMuD;0ifvmrS eJeJ aeomoGm;w,f? tcsuf20
avmuf udk,fhudk,fudkjyefvdk;jyD;awmh apmufacgif;xJrSm c&rf;oD;
wyf&ufeJU tusDeJUb,mpD,mudk cRwfvdkufw,f? 0wfvpfpvpf
udk,fvHk;wD;jzpfoGm;awmh av;bufukef;jyD; vD;twkMuD;eJUtoGif;
txkwf vkyfw,f? pdwfxJrSmukvm;MuD;u taemufuae vdk;ay;ae
w,fvdkUrSef;NyD; cyfoGufoGufav; udk,fhudk,fudk tcg 200 avmuf
jyefvdk;vdkufwm aumif;vGef;vdkU wudk,fvHk; a0SU,rf;aeNyD; yg;pyfuvJ ]vdk;...
vdk;...t&mMuD;&,f? vdk;prf;yg? apmufywf,m;vGef;vdkUyg? taovdk;yg? aumif;vdkufwm
aumif;vdkufwm..} qdkNyD; qHyif&SnfMuD;udk ukwifay:rSmjzefUcsxm;&if; t&l;rav; wa,muf
vdk tqdyfrdaewJh acG;waumifvdk qefUiifqefUiifeJU ]trav;NyD;NyD? NyD;NyD.. vkyfMuygtHk;
t&nfawGxGufukefNyD? ..tm; ..tm;.. tm;.. aumif;vdkufwm.. a&mufjyD? a&mufNyD?
ewfjynfa&mufNyD? tdk;.. .. tdk;... tdk;..tar&JU aumif;vdkufwm.. aumif;vdkufwm
tar&JU .. trav;aemf? [ifh [if..
uRwfuRwf...[if;...qdkcg oufysOf;
&SnfMuD; csjyD; jidrfoGm;ygawmhw,f/
b,fvdkbJ jyif;xefaygufuGJpGm
NyD;oGm;ayrJh wu,fhvD;tppf&JU t&om
udk odaeawmh a,mufsm;wa,mufu
wpfwpfcGcG vdk;wmudkawmh rrSDao;yg
bl;? aemufydkif;rSmawmh nntdyf&if
tdyfrufxJrSm ukvm;MuD;u orD;udk
enf;rsdK;pHk? yHkpHrsdK;pHkeJU urf;ukefatmif
,kwf,kwfrmrm vdk;w,fvdkU
vi

nwdkif; tdyfruf rufjyD; reufus&if tMudrfMudrf jyD;&vGef;vdkU arm[dkufaejyD; apmuf&nf


awGeUJ tdyf,may:rSm tuGufuGufawGjzpfaevdkU rdat;wdkUaEG;wdkU rodatmif udk,fhzgomudk,f
avQmf&w,f? aeUwdkif; jyD;&vGef;awmh exifawGawmifacsmifaevdkU oli,fcsif;awGu
ar;Muw,f? aeraumif;vdkUygqdkjyD; ajym&w,f? pmxJrSmvJ pdwfr0ifpm;awmhbl;? &D;pm;qdkwJh
taumifudkvJ rawGUcsifawmhbl;? vD; ao;ao;av;eJU bmrS toHk;rusbl;? tcsdef&Sdoa&GU
ukvm;MuD;&JUvD; tMuD;MuD;udkbJ rsufpdxJjrifaew,f? pmoifcef;xJrSm q&mrpmoifvJ bmrS
rMum;bl;? ukvm;MuD;&JU npfnpfywfywfajymwmawG? vD; - apmufywf - vdk; - qdkwJh toH
awGbJMum;aew,f? apmufywfuvJ apmuf&nfawG wcsdefvHk;&GJaeawmh waeUrSm 2 cg
avmuftdrfomxJ0ifjyD; udk,fapmufpdudk udk,fjyefyGwf&w,f? jyD;oGm;vJpdwfu rajyEdkifbJ
tvdk;cHcsifaeao;w,f? orD;uawmh ukvm;MuD;vD;udk bdef;pGJovdk pGJaeygjyD? orD;b0vJ
tzwfq,fvdkU r&atmif wPSm&l;aeygjyD? ysufpD;w,ffqdkwmodygjyD? bmrSrvkyfcsifawmhbJ
tvdk;bJcHcsifaewm vD;bJpkwfcsifaewmudk ajymwmjzpfr,f? ukvm;MuD;&JU vD;MuD;eJUxyftvdk;
cH&atmif MuHrSjzpfr,f/
oli,fcsif; ]yef;} udk ,HkMunf&vdkU ajymjy&w,f? yef; u orD;t&l;trl;jzpfavmuf
atmif ukvm;MuD;&JU vD;MuD;u aumif;w,fqdkwm vufrcHEdkifbl;jzpfaew,f? olvJtysdKom
qdkw,f vD;trsdK;rsdK;eJUpyf,Sufbl;wJh rdef;rvSav;jzpfw,f? EdkifiHjcm;rSmynmoifbl;jyD;
acwfqefol rif;orD; c&pfpwif;eJUwloljzpfw,f? tom;av;u Eke,faysmhzwfaejyD; jzLazG;
oefUpifw,f?rsufESmav;utjypfuif;pifjyD;acsmarGUvGef;w,f? &D;pm;&SdayrJh vpf&ifvpfovdk
EdkifiHjcm;om;rsm;eJUaysmfyg;avh&Sdw,f?
][Jh eif ukvm;MuD;udkvJ atmufrMudKUcsifbl;? olUvD;eJUvJ aysmfyg;csif
w,f qdk&if?igtMuHay;r,f?}
]bmtMuHvJ[Jh}
]eifolUudktdyfaq;cwfvdkuf?oltdyfoGm;jyD;&ifeifolUvD;eJUaysmfyg;aygh}
]oltdyfaysmfae&if ighudkb,fol vdk;ay;rvJ? igu olvdk;ay;wmudk
tvdk;cHcsifwm}
][Jh? eifu olUudkwufvdk;aygh}
]oltdyfaeawmh olUvD;u b,fvdkawmifawmhrSmvJ? igu olUvD;
awmifawmifMuD;udkpkwfcsifwm}
]ighrSm vD;awmifatmif vdrf;wJh aq;&Sdw,f? aq;vdrf;vdkuf&if
eifhvif&JU vD;MuD;[m awmifvGef;vdkU eif
awmif vefUoGm;tHk;r,f?}
][kwfvm;? [efMuwmbJ? eifyg wufvdk;
ygvm;? olUvD;MuD;&JUt&omudkod&atmif}
]aumif;om;bJ? eifajymvGef;vdkU
igvJ tvdk;cHMunfUcsifaewm}
]at; aumif;jyD? eufjzefeif ightdrfrSm
pmusufr,fqdkjyD; vmtdyf? nusrS vD;
t&omudk aumif;aumif;cHpm;Mur,f?}
]eifajymwmeJU tckawmif ighapmufywf
u &GaejyD? ziftvdk;cHcsifvdkufwm..
oDwm&,f ighudkapmufywf&ufay;prf;yg?}
vii

]eifhrSmvD;twk&Sdw,fr[kwfvm;} ]bmvJeifcHcsifvdkUvm;} ]at;. igu eifhapmufywf


udk &ufay;r,f eifu vD;twkeJUighudk vdk;ay;}
yef; eJUorD;wdkU xHk;pHtwdkif; wjyefpD vdk;Muygawmhw,f?
csdef;xm;wJhaeUa&mufawmh EGm;EdkUwcGufxJ tdyfaq;cwfNyD; rdaEG; udk ukvm;MuD;qD
ydkUcdkif;vdkufw,f? rdaEG;uawmh olaX;orD;u wcgrS rac:rajymbl;wJh atmufwef;uswJh
tcdkif;tapwa,mufudk ta&;w,lvkyfjyD; EGm;EdkUwdkufcdkif;awmh tHhMoaeygw,f? wu,fqdk
rdat;eJU olomukvm;MuD;udk vD;ydkrdkawmifap&ef EGm;EdkU cdk;wdkufbl;onf? tckawmh
rrav;oDwmuyg olwdkUvdkbJ ukvm;MuD;udk vD;awmifap&ef EGm;EdkUwdkufwmrsm;vm;?
bmbJjzpfjzpf rdat;udk ajymjyrSjzpfr,fqdkjyD; EGm;EdkUrwdkufbJ rdat;eJUwdkifyifygawmhw,f?
nusawmhyef;a&mufvmygw,f?
]a[haumifr tvdk;cHbdkUvmwmvm;} ]atmifrm igu eifhvifvD; odyfaumif;w,fqdkwm
r,HkvdkU vmwmygaemf? cHp&mvD;r&SdvdkUr[kwfbl;} ]tHr,fav; eifvD;aygrSef;odygw,faemf}
][Jh awmfawmh igcP tdyfcsifw,f? nus&if wnvHk;aomif;usef;Edkifatmif? eiftdyfaq;
wdkufjyD;jyDvm;} ]jyD;ygjyD[Jh? eifaum vD;MuD;atmifvl;wJhaq; yg&JUvm;? ta&;MuD;w,faemf}
]yg ygw,f? uJvmeifyg ighem;rSmvmtdyfprf;yg? eifhEdkUMuD;awGudk igudkifcsifvdkU}
]aumifr awmfawmf PSmxw,f}
n 12 em&DwdwdrSm orD; eJU yef;wdkU xrdef&ifvsm;jyD; ukvm;MuD;tcef;udk wdwfwdwfav;
cdk;0ifMuw,f? tdyf,may:rSmawmh ukvm;MuD; ukvm;aoukvm;arm tdyfaeygw,f?
tay:rSm tusDr&SdayrJh vHkcsnfawmh 0wfxm;ygw,f? orD;vnf; t&rf;udkifcsifwJh vD;MuD;udk
udkif&awmhrmS rdkU &ifawGwxdwfxdwcf kefaeygw,f? ukvm;MuD;&JU ukwifab;rSm aqmifhaqmifh
xdkifjyD; olUvD;MuD;udk vHkcsnftay:ubJ tomudkifMunfhvdkufw,f?
vD;MuD;[m rawmifao; wmawmif aygifw0ufavmuf&Snfw,f?
]t&SnfMuD;bJaemf} yef;u 0rf;omwJhavoHeJUajymonf?
]bmvJeifaMumufvdkUvm;} ]a0;ao;? MudKufvdkUajymwm? vD;qdkwm
&Snfav MuD;av aumif;avbJ} orD;vJ vHkcsnfatmufudk vuf&dI
jyD; vD;MuD;udk tomudkifvdkufygw,f? vD;MuD;[m tdyfaysmfaeayrJh
rnId;aeygbl;? wif;wif;&if;&if;&Sdygw,f? vufxJrSmjynfhaevdkU
udkifvdkU aumif;vSygw,f? vHkcsnfudk rvSefbJeJU acgif;&IdjyD; vD;MuD;
udk w&HSU&HSkUerf;vdkufygw,f?
yef; uvJ orD;vdkbJ vHkcsnfatmufxJ olUacgif;udkxdk;0ifvmjyD;
vD;udk wzGzG erf;vdkufygw,f? orD;wdkUESpfa,muf ESkwfcrf;awGMum;rSm vD;MuD;u vGefUvl;
vmygw,f?
]vD;MuD;u eifajymovdkbJ? tMuD;MuD;bJaemf}
]rawmifao;bl;
aumifr&JU?
awmifrsm;
awmif&if eif bmrSawmif owd&rSm r[kwf
awmhbl;} ]at;yg vHkcsnfvSefjyD; tm;&yg;&
pkwf&atmif}
orD;wdkUvJ vHkcsnfudk cRwfvdkufygw,f?
vD;MuD;uawmh rrmwrmjzpfaeygjyD? orD;u
pkwfrvdkU vkyfaewHk; yef; u vD;MuD;udk iHkjyD; p
pkwfaeygjyD?
viii

]yef;&,f? cPaeygtHk;? igvD;MuD;udk pkwfcsifvGef;vdkU aoawmhr,f? ighudkcPav; ay;


pkwfprf;ygtHk;?} ajymajymqdkqdk olUyg;pyfxJuae twefMuD;udk qGJ,ljyD; tirf;r& pkwfvdkufyg
w,f? vD;MuD;[m wajz;ajz;rmawmifvmvdkufwm t&rf; tm;&zdkUjzpfvmygw,f?
orD;vJ pdwfawGt&rf;xjyD;apmufpd awmifvmygawmhw,f? yef; uawmh olU
EdkUESpfvHk;udk ukvm;MuD;&JU rkwfqdwfarG;awGeJUyGwfjyD; Zdrf,laeygw,f? ukvm;MuD;&JUyg;pyfxJudkvJ
EdkUoD;xdk;xJhjyD; cav;EdkUwdkufovdkvkyfaeygw,f? rmawmifoefrmvSwJh vD;MuD;uawmh orD;&JU
vufxJrSm orD;xifovdkvkyfaeygjyD? &ufaygif;rsm;pGm wrf;wcJh&wJh vD;MuD;udkMunfU&if;?
]vD;MuD;? pGJvef;vdkuf&wm vD;MuD;&,f? cspfvdkufwm? trav;MunfUygtHk; vSvdkufwm?
olUudkrSef;jyD; yGwf&wm apmufywfawmifyGef;aejyDvD;MuD;&JU od&JUvm;}
]odygw,faumifrav;&,f? eifighvD;udkt&l;trl;jzpfaewm}
orD; t&rf;udkwkefvIyfoGm;ygw,f? ukvm;MuD;u tdyfraysmfbJajymvdkufwmudk;? ukvm;MuD;u
xxdkifvdkufjyD; orD;udkqGJzufvdkufcg? ]aumifrav;? ighvD;udkvdkcsifvm;}
orD;uyg;pyfurajymbJ acgif;udkom jidrfhjyvkdufygw,f?
orD;udk tom ukwifay: odyfvdkufjyD; aygif
ESpfacsmif;udk jzJygawmhw,f? aemufjyD; apmufywfudk
tm;&yg;&MuD;udk&ufygawmhw,f?
]trav; aumif;vdkufwm? &uf &uf? uRwfuRwf?
tm;..tm;.. Zdrf&Sdvdkufwm? aumif;vdkufwm?
tdk..tdk b,fvdkrsm;vkyfaewmvJ? trav;..
ukvm;MuD;&JU? trav; t&nfawG trsm;MuD;
xGufvmjyD? nSpf..nSpf EdkUudkvJnSpf? vkyf xifovdkvkyfyg? usr wudk,fvHk; &Sifxifovdk
vkyfyg? trav;? {&mrvD;ydkif&SifMuD;&JU}
ukvm;MuD;u orD;udk &Goxuf&GatmifvkyfaewJh
tcsdefrSm? yef; u ukvm;MuD;&JU vD;MuD;udk tm;& yg;&
pkwfaeygw,f? ukvm;MuD;&JU vQmtpGrf;udk orD;
atmifhrcHEdkifawmhbJ wcsDjyD;csifaeygjyD?
]&uf..&uf. trav;jyD;awmhr,f? aumif;vdkuf
wm..t&om&Sdvdkufwm..vdk;ygawmh ukvm;MuD;&JU/
vdk;ygawmh? tD;.. tD;.. raeEdkifawmhbl;? vD;ay;yg
vD;ay;yg?}
ukvm;MuD;[m orD; &l;rwwf vD;udk vkdcsifaerSef;
odawmh yef;yg;pyfxJuae olUvD;MuD;udkqGJxkwfvdkuf
jyD;? orD;rsufESmudk vD;MuD;eJU yGwv
f dkuf &dkufvdkuf
vkyfygw,f? orD;uvJ vD;MuD;udkrufrufarmarm
vQmeJU vdkuf&ufygw,f? apmufywfuvJ &GaejyD;
apmufpd t&rf;awmifaevdkU wifyg;udk aumhaumh
ay;aerdjyD; ukwifay:rSm vl;vdefUaeygw,f? &ufaygif;rsm;pGm arQmfvifh&wJhvD;MuD;eJU rMumcif
tvdk;cH&awmhr,fqdkjyD; t&rf;aysmfaew,f?
ix

vD;MuD;udkt&if;uudkifjyD; apmufpdeJU apmufywf tuGJaMumif;wavQmuf uGrf;oD;


acgif;MuD;eJU yGwfqGJvdkufwJhtcg t&om&SdvGef;vdkU xGefUxGefU vl;oGm;ygawmhw,f? vD;acsmif;
MuD;eJU tvdk;cH&awmhr,fqdkjyD arQmfvifhaewHk; &kwfw&uf vD;MuD;udk cGmoGm;awmh orD;&ifxJrSm
[moGm;ygw,f? ]tdk..b,fvdkvkyfvdkufwmvJ? Zdrf&dSaewHk; vD;MuD;udk xdk;xJhvdkufprf;yg? usr
apmufywfudk vdk;ay;yg? vD;MuD;udkrcGmvdkufygeJU? rvkyfygeJU? &Sdcdk;yg&JU vD;ay;yg? vD;ay;yg?
trav; tckae vD;r&&if usr &l;oGm;Edkifw,f? vD;udkMudKufvGef;vdkUyg/ t&mMuD;
&,f orD;udk r&ufpufygeJU? vD;vdkcsifvGef;vdkUaoawmhr,f? vD;udk apmifhvdkuf&wm &ufawG
MumvSygjyD? orD;udk oem;yg? vD; eJUyufyufpufpufvdk;ay;yg?}
aygifMuD;udkum;? apmufywfudk vufESpfzufeJUjzJjyD; orD; t&l;wa,mufvdk atmfae
rdygw,f? ]aumifruav; eifu ighudk&GHw,fqdk? } ]&GHwmu vludkyg? vD;MuD;udkawmh toJpGJ
aeygw,f? &GHayrJh rwwfEdkifbl;? vD;udkMudKufawmh vludkvJvufcH&awmhrSmaygh? orD;udk vdk;
yg&Sif? tvdk; cHcsifvGef;vdkUyg? [ifh.. [ihf } orD;vJ idkawmhwmaygh?
]eifhudk tjypfay;wJhtaeeJU eifcPapmifh? ig eifholi,fcsif;udk tm;&atmif vdk;
vdkuftHk;r,f? olu eifhvdkbJ odyfvSawmh ig vdk;csifw,f? Munfhprf;? tom;av;u jzLEkaejyD;
cg;av;u ao;vdkufwm? EdkUtHkMuD;uawmhwif;&if; EkzwfaejyD; wifyqHkuav;u vHk;0dkif;
aewmbJ? qHyif&SnfMuD;uawmh tndKa&mifoefU&Sif;ajzmifhpif;jyD; ajymifvufaewJhtjyif
acgif;avQmfxm;ovm;rodbl;? arT;aewmbJ? aygifwefu&SnfjyD; ajzmifhpif;acsmrGwfaew,f?
awmuf .. ighvD; t&omodoGm;atmif vdk;ay;vdkuftHk;r,f? uJ aumifrav;? eifheHr,f
b,fvdkac:ovJ} ]usr eHrnf yef;yg}
]eiftvdk;cHbl;ovm;}
]cHbl;ygw,f}
]eifhudk
b,fol vdk;ovJ} ]usr&D;pm;vJvdk;ygw,f? aemuf..} ]aemufaum.. qufajymav..}
]aemufawmh MuHKovdk tvdk;cHygw,f} ]b,fvdkMuHKovdkvJ} ]tck t&mMuD;eJU umr pyf,Suf
ovdkaygh.. tqifajy&ifajyovdkbJ? c&D;oGm;&if;eJU rD;&xm;ay:rSmawGUwJhvlwdkU? a[mfw,fu
tapmifhwdkU? ausmif;u aps;a&mif;wJh vlwdkU? usL&Sifq&maum? armfawmfyDu,faum?
trsm;MuD;ygbJ? orD;u tvdk; rcH&&if raeEdkifawmh MuHzef zefwD;jyD; vdk;cdkif;&wmaygh}
]eifbmjzpfvdkUvdkuftvdk;cHae&wmvJ]
]tdk..t&mMuD;uvJ vD;udk
MudKufvdkUaygh? vD;&JU t&omudk
odjyD; uxJu ESpfygwffavmuf
vD;r&&if raeEdkifawmhbl;?
wygwfudk wpfcgESpfcgavmuf
umrpyf,Suf&rS aeom
xdkifom &Sdw,f}/
'DZgwfvrf;udk
'Dae&mrSm cPem;ygr,f?