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LAW OF MOSES

(HEBREW LAW)
CHERIE MAE T. SOBREDO

FIVE STAGES
MOSAIC PERIOD
CLASSIC PERIOD

TALMUD PERIOD
MEDIEVAL PERIOD

MODERN PERIOD

MOSAIC LAW

THEOCRACY was the form of Hebrew government wherein the authority and the power were ascribed to God

MOSAIC LAW
Exodus 18:25-26

JUSTICE was dispensed by the tribal leader but eventually led to an organized hierarchy of courts

25 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. 26 And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.

MOSAIC LAW
The PENTATEUCH or Five Books GENESIS EXODUS LEVITICUS NUMBERS DEUTERONOMY -made up of narratives and codes
-the books were known as the Torah or Ancient Law

MOSAIC LAW

KING SOLOMONS JUDICIAL WISDOM

MOSAIC LAW
The law of Moses consisted of many ceremonies, rituals, and symbols, to remind the people frequently of their duties and responsibilities.

MOSAIC LAW
The Mosaic Law can be broken into three broad segments: The Moral Law or the Ten Commandments. This part of the Law governed the moral life giving guidance to Israel in principles of right and wrong in relation to God and man (Exodus 20:1-17). The Judgments, or the Social Law. This part of the Law governed Israel in her secular, social, political, and economic life (Exodus 21:123:13). The Ordinances or the Ceremonial Law. This was the religious portion of Law which guided and provided for Israel in her worship and spiritual relationship and fellowship with God. It included the priesthood, tabernacle and sacrifices (Exodus 25:-31: Leviticus).

THE TEN COMMANDMENTS

MOSAIC LAW

MOSAIC LAW

Mosaic Case Law a Model of Social Justice for All Cultures

MOSAIC LAW CONTRIBUTION


Old Testament case law is a model of social justice for all cultures, including the penal code. The civil precepts of the Old Testament (standing judicial laws) are a model of perfect social justice for all cultures, even in the punishment of criminals.

Without question, none should underestimate the value of having God's own revealed applications of his eternal character and the principles of his moral law to the civil situation in Israel. These laws may indeed give us guidance in making equitable laws and even suggesting appropriate punishments.

CONTRIBUTION

Monotheism
the belief in the existence of one god or in the oneness of God

Rule of Law
the principle that no one is above the law

CLASSIC PERIOD
the period when the rabbi developed the law the function of justice had ceased to be a royal one they were under the suzerainty of Persian, Greek, and Roman rulers, but in their internal government the supreme authority religious, social and political; legislative and judiciary was vested in a Senate, known under the name Great Sanhedrion (assembly, hebraicized as sanhedrin), which consisted of 71 members

TALMUDIC PERIOD
A.D. 200A.D. 500

TALMUD - The body of Jewish civil and ceremonial law and legend comprising the Mishnah (codified text) and the Gemara (commentary). - Reports of all recorded cases and comments since about 300 B.C.

MEDIEVAL PERIOD
This period began at the dispersion of the Jewish nation The learned rabbi wrote treatises and compiled codes and thus perpetuated the traditions of the law One of the most famous was Maimonides who lived in North Africa in 1400s and wrote numerous works By these means, the common customs of religious and family life and commercial practice were kept alive, though the race was scattered in many countries

MODERN PERIOD
From A.D. 1600, nationalism in Europe began to amalgamate all races who lived within given territories, and to emphasize national languages, so the Hebrew language became only a secondary one for Jews. During this period, the Talmud was critically studied and translated into the various national languages Even today, the Scroll of the Law, known as the Torah, is preserved in every synagogue