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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

Its a GOVT. OF INDIA ENTERPRISES.

Discovered by G.S.I (Geographical Survey of India) in 1954. Exporting mining by I.B.M (Indian B of Mines) in 1957. Project handled over to N.M.D.C (National Mines and Development Corporation ) in 1961. N.M.D.C transformed to H.C.L (Hindustan Copper Limited ) in NOV, 1967.

MAIN COMPONANTS OF H.C.L


1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Mining Section. Concentrator Plant. Smelter Plant. Refinery. Wire-Bar Casting plant. Sulphuric acid Plant. Telephone Exchange.

COPPER MINING

CONCENTRATOR

SMELTER PLANT

INSTRUMENTS USED

CONTROLLER
An

important part of the closed loop system SMAR controllers usedCD600Plus Takes the input from the processor Also regulate the valves to regulate oil, steam and air flow opening and closing of control

RECORDERS
Used after the processor as per the need Used for Oxygen flow, steam, air, oil measurement

ALARM ANNUNCIATOR
Installed in the control room Keep a watch on the different processes Displays the processes which are not working or malfunctioning

AUTOWEIGHER
An autoweigher is a device which automatically measures the weight of a substance placed on it and displays the weight digitally or analogue. Autoweighers come in many sizes and specifications but they all do the same job. In the Khetri Copper Complex the autoweigher used is on a large scale. It is used in the anode casting process. The autoweigher in Khetri is Dynamic

Programmable Logic Controllers


( Definition according to NEMA standard ICS3-1978)

A digitally operating electronic apparatus which uses a programming memory for the internal storage of instructions for implementing specific functions such as logic, sequencing, timing, counting and arithmetic to control through digital or analog modules, various types of machines or process.

Advantages of PLCs
Less wiring. Wiring between devices and relay contacts are done in the PLC program. Easier and faster to make changes. Trouble shooting aids make programming easier and reduce downtime. Reliable components make these likely to operate for years before failure

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