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Height Work

Safety

HIGH INCIDENCES OF FATAL ACCIDENTS


WHILE WORKING AT HEIGHT

Miscellaneous

08%
Transport vehicle

16%
Electrocution

11%

Fall of Object

08%
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Fall of Person

57 %

Ways to prevent accident while working at

HEIGHT

A. Fall Prevention :- by analyzing.


Approach Risk

Work area Risk


Work method Risk

B. Fall Protection :-

Using PPEs -Safety Helmet.

-Safety Harness.
Safety Net.
Fall Arrester - Different type fall arresting Gadgets.

WORKING AT HEIGHT

FALL PREVENTION
METHODS

LADDER
S

Angle of Inclination

Extension off landing

LADDER

If the only means of doing the task is using a ladd


PORTABLE
STOCK (SINGLE)
EXTENSION (2 or 3)
SECTIONAL
STEP (FLAT STEP)
TRESTLE (CIRCULAR)

BUILT-UP / FIXED
ROPE

Few Dos & Donts

Few Dos & Donts

Do not use the top or top step


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of a stepladder as a step

Rails must be able to withstand


a force of 75kgs. /mt.

Few Dos & Donts

Advent to electrical supply.


Nonconductive siderails such
as wood or fiberglass.

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SCAFFOLD
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Scaffolding
SCAFFOLD NOMENCLATURE
INDEPENDENT SCAFFOLD
PUTLOG SCAFFOLD.
MOBILE SCAFFOLD.
TRUSS-OUT SCAFFOLD
TRESTLE SCAFFOLD
BIRDCAGE SCAFFOLD
SLUNG SCAFFOLD
CANTILEVER SCAFFOLD
SUSPENDED SCAFFOLD
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Right Method of Scaffolding


Erect First Tower Adjust and ensure the
top level is same. Connect all pin bracing

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Right Method of Scaffolding

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DOKA SCAFFOLDING
Welded frames place alternate.
Connect all towers with spring lock pin.
From second tower onwards, use safety

belt, walkway platform.


The units lift by good quality PP rope.
Bracing of towers at every 6M . also
applicable for stair tower also.

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Right Method of Scaffolding

1500 mm Minimum

200 mm Minimum

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MOBILE SCAFFOLD

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Access & egress in heavy duty tower


(HDT) system:

Few Dos & Donts

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WORKING
PLATFORM
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Working Platform

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WORK-PLATFORM
600 mm WHEN USED FOR PERSON
800 mm WHEN USED FOR PERSON & MATERIAL
OVERHANG
minimum 50 mm
maximum 4 times the thk of the board.
Allowable max. span between supports
1.5 thick plank 1.5 m
2 thick plank
2.6 m
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Guardrails
Top Rail
Mid- Rail
Toeboard

Top rails between 900mm ht.


Toeboards at least 150 width
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Scaffold Inspection
Competent

inspects

person

On

receipt, before
use and weekly after
installation
Red tag & Green Tag
Procedure PM-08-A3

Deformed bearer
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SCAFFOLD INSPECTION

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OPENINGS
Covered or Guarded
.

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View of opening from Top

View of opening from


bottom
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Gate for Lift Shaft Door


Opening

Few Do's & Donts

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Open Sides a
building that
are not
barricaded

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Openings at
the sides of
the rubbish
chute that are
not barricaded

Lift shaft
openings
which are not
barricaded

Floor
Openings
without cover
or barricades

Stairways
without
railings.

Workers may fall


thru and get injured.

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Debris and other


materials may fall
through uncovered
openings.

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Unprotected Sides & Edges

Unprotected edge

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Unprotected sides and edges must have


guardrails or equivalent

Sides & Edges - Improper Guarding

This 1/4" nylon rope alone is not a proper


way to guard this open floor
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MAN BASKET

SWL displayed
Bridle Hitch.
Included angle between the
slings not than 90o .
Factor of safety - 10.
Daily Inspection
Lanyard hooked to crane
hook
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Work at Height

Pipe-rack

Lifeline

WORKING AT HEIGHT

FALL PROTECTION
METHODS
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Conventional Fall Protection Systems


-Guardrail Systems
-Safety Net Systems
-Personal Fall Arrest Systems
-Positioning Device Systems
-Fall Restraint Systems
Additional Fall Protection Systems
-Warning Line Systems.
-Controlled Access Zones
-Safety Monitoring Systems.

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SAFETY EQUIPMENT & DEVICES

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Full Body Harness


For more than 2.0 m height.
Lanyard to be anchored to a fixed point.
Free-fall not to exceed 1.80m
Lanyard not more than 2m.

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FULL BODY SAFETY HARNESS

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LIFE LINE
It is a static line
Used while moving at height.
PP rope of 25 mm minimum or 8 mm
wire rope.
Must facilitate shifting of lanyard.

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USE OF LIFE LINE

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Safety Line Anchorages


Must be independent
of
any
platform
anchorage
and
capable
of
supporting at least
5,000 lbs. per worker
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For your participation