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Health And Safety Employee Welfare And Counseling

For smooth functioning of an organization, the employer has to ensure safety and security of his employees. In organizations the responsibility of employee health and safety falls on the HR manager. An HR manager can help in coordinating safety programs, making employees aware about the health and safety policy of the company, conduct formal safety training, etc.

HR Manager and Departmental heads are responsible for maintaining safe working conditions.

Responsibilities of HR Manager
1) Monitor health and safety of employees 2) Investigate accidents 3) Communicate about safety policy to employees 4) Provide technical training regarding prevention of accidents. 5) Coordinate health and safety programs 6) Train employees on handling facilities an equipments. 7) Develop safety reporting systems. 8) Maintaining safe working conditions.

Issues in Employee Health & Safety


1) Physical Work Setting
Affect the performance of employees to a great extent. Some of these factors include temperature, noise levels, and proper lighting affect job performance.

2) Sick Building Syndrome


It is a situation in which employees experience acute health problems and discomfort due to the time spent in a building poor air quality, inadequate ventilation, improper cleanliness, etc 3) Engineering of Work Equipments and Materials

Providing safety guards and covers on equipments, emergency stop buttons and other provisions help in reducing the accidents considerably.

4) Cumulative Trauma and Repetitive Stress


Cumulative trauma disorder occurs when same muscles are used repetitively to perform some task. Employees encounter high levels of mental and physical stress also.

5) Accident Rates and Individuals


An individual approach to safe environment helps in reducing the accident rates. A positive attitude towards work environment and other practices promotes employee safety.

Employee Welfare
Welfare includes anything that is done for the comfort and improvement of employees. Welfare helps in keeping the morale and motivation of the employees high so as to retain the employees for longer duration. Logic behind providing welfare schemes is to create efficient, healthy, loyal and satisfied labor force for the organization. The purpose of providing such facilities is to make their work life better and also to raise their standard of living.

Employee welfare has the following objectives:


1) To provide better life and health to the workers. 2) To make the workers happy and satisfied. 3) To relieve workers from industrial fatigue and to improve intellectual, cultural and material conditions of living of the workers.

The important benefits of welfare as follows:


1) They provide better physical and mental health to workers and thus promote a healthy work environment. Facilities like housing schemes, medical benefits, and education and recreation facilities for workers families help in raising their standards of living. This makes workers to pay more attention towards work and thus increases their productivity. Employers get stable labor force by providing welfare facilities. Workers take active interest in their jobs and work with a feeling of involvement and participation. Employee welfare measures increase the productivity of organization and promote healthy industrial relations thereby maintaining industrial peace.

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Employee Counselling
Employee counselling can be explained as providing help and support to the employees to face and sail through the difficult times in life. At many points of time in life or career people come across some problems either in their work or personal life when it starts influencing and affecting their performance. Counselling is guiding, consoling, advising and sharing and helping to resolve their problems whenever the need arises. Apart from their personal problems, there are various reasons which can create stress for the employees at the workplace like 1) Work-load, 2) Constant pressure to meet the deadlines, 3) Career problems, 4) Conflicts or bad inter-personal relations with superiors and subordinates, 5) Problems in adjusting to the organizational culture.

Counselling helps the employee to share and look at his problems from a new perspective, help himself and to face and deal with the problems in a better way. Counselling at workplace is a way of the organization to care about its employees.

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Made By: Tanumoy Nandi Tumpy Sharma Varun Kalra Vikash Kumar A-37 A-39 A-40 A-41